Baal’s Bridge Square


Baal’s Bridge Square
also known as the Balls Bridge Square

Lodge 13 are the proud possessors of an old brass square that was found under the foundations of Baal’s Bridge. This Square dated 1507 is reputed to be one of the earliest Masonic items in the world.

The inscription on side 1 is

I will strive to live with love & care
and on side 2

upon the level by the square

The old brass square, known as the Baal’s Bridge Square, was recovered from the foundations of Baal’s Bridge in Limerick when the bridge was being rebuilt in 1830. It is inscribed  “I will strive to live with Love and Care Upon the Level By the Square” and bears the date, 1507.

This ancient Square, carefully treasured by Lodge 13 is recorded as being presented to Brother Michael Furnell, Provincial Grand Master, by Brother James Pain, (referred to as the Provincial Grand Architect).  In 1871, after Brother Furnell’s death, his widow presented the Square to Lodge 13 in a beautifully decorated frame along with a drawing of the original bridge.  Included in that drawing is a small red square showing the location of the original Square in the foundations of the north-east corner of the bridge.  The drawing and the frame in which the Square was presented are now on display in the Centre’s Museum.  The frame in which the original Square was presented now contains a replica made from a mould taken from the original. (See below)

In the Freemasons’ Quarterly Review, 1842, p. 288, Bro. Furnell, under the date of 27th. August, 1842, printed a short note on this relic of antiquity, accompanying which is a facsimile sketch. He says that Bro. Pain, in 1830, had been contractor for re-building Baal’s Bridge in Limerick, and on taking down the old structure, he discovered under the foundation stone at the English town side, this old brass square, much eaten away. In the facsimile sketch, Bro, Furnell puts the date as 1517, which is a mistake, as the square bears the date 1507. A heart appears in each angle.

In the book by H. F. Berry, Assistant Keeper of the Irish Records, “The Mariencourt Cup and Ancient Square.” dated 1905, Bro. Berry records that “Ball’s (or Baal’s) Bridge is a beautiful structure, of a single arch, built in 1831, to replace an ancient bridge of the same name, which consisted of four arches, with a range of houses on its west side. The date of the erection of this ancient structure has not been ascertained, but possibly the old square, dated 1507, may have been placed, under the foundation stone in that year. In any case, Bro. Furnell informs us that the old bridge is mentioned in records of 1558.

In a most interesting and valuable paper on a ” Diary of the Siege of Limerick Castle, 1642,” Journal, R.S.A.I., 1904, p. 163, Mr. M. J. McEnery, M.R.I.A., reproduces a facsimile of a Map of Limerick, taken from Speed’s Map of Munster, 1610, which shows the old bridge, called in the reference the Thye bridge; also portion of the city of Limerick, cir. 1590, from Mr. T. J. Westropp’s copy of a map of Limerick in the Library, Trinity College, Dublin, wherein the same bridge is shown, and called, in the reference, the Tide bridge.

James Pain, a distinguished architect, was born at Isleworth in 1779. He and his brother, George R, Pain, entered into partnership, subsequently settling in Ireland, where James resided in Limerick and George in Cork.  They designed and built a number of churches and glebe houses. Mitchelstown Castle, the magnificent seat of the Earls of Kingston, was the largest and best of their designs. They were also architects of Cork Court-house and the County Gaol, both very striking erections, and of Dromoland Castle, the seat of Lord Inchiquin. James Pain died in Limerick 13th. December, 1877, in his 98th year, and was buried in the cathedral church of St. Mary in that city.”

A limited edition of 500 replicas in “distressed” silver, hallmarked and numbered, has been struck from a mould taken from the original and each comes in a presentation box accompanied by a certificate of provenance together with a history of the artefact.

The replicas were made to commemorate the 160th Anniversary of the founding of the Provincial Grand Lodge of North Munster in 1842. The proceeds are going towards the Masonic Centre near King John’s Castle in the old City overlooking the River Shannon and some 500 metres from where the Square was originally discovered in 1830.


We are pleased to announce that the final limited batch is now available. Should you wish to purchase a replica, please do so by clicking here

A PayPal invoice will then be issued to you in the sum of €180.00

The price increase has been determined by the recent increases in the cost of silver.

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